Steel casting is a specialized kind of manufacturing process that involves different types of steel. When cast iron fails to provide enough strength or cannot withstand shocks’ effect, these come in use. It is the component formed when molten steel is poured into a mold, and it cools and solidifies. It is removed for cleaning, and further, it is heated to get the desired properties.
Cylinder blocks, pump casing, mining machines, valve bodies, turbine wheels are the few examples that include steel casting.
It is generally of two groups:
These are of two categories- low-steel alloy (less than 8% alloy content), and high-alloy steel (8% or more alloy content).
There are many reasons as to why Steel Casting is useful. Some of them are-
The three major problems with Steel Casting are- Castability, Damping ability, and machinability.
Thus, the presence of alloys increase mechanical performance but also often increases the difficulties while machining.
The Steel casting market has garnered a remarkable growth in recent years. The restraints of the demand are decreasing with the improvement in purchasing power. A detailed analysis of the casting market reports that by 2019- 2023, the market size will grow by 29000 tonnes.
However, according to a research study, the latest updates state that the COVID-19 has severely impacted the steel casting industries, and it has faced use breakdown in the market affecting the economy overall.
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